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Harmony is born out of a genuine empathy for the horse and a compassionate awareness of the mental and physical impact of the work on the horse.

Tonja's Articles

All articles © Tonja Dausend

Guidelines for Long-Term Soundness

A true horseman takes into account whether or not the work will contribute to the horse's long-term mental and physical soundness and works within the limitations of each horse.


DAP or Diagonal Advanced Placement

While trotting, DAP describes one foot of a diagonal pair landing a fraction of a second before the other foot.

Riding Basics

The first priority in riding well is to preserve and extend the useful life of the horse.

Finding the Tempo

The rider must first address his own imbalances that contribute to tension and imbalance in the horse. Once his own balance is developed he can begin to address imbalance in the horse.

Horse's Balance

The Horse’s Head and Neck in Relation to Balance.

The History of Academic Equitation

What is the Difference Between A Dressage Horse and a Sport Horse?

Visual Points of the Moving Horse

Visual points of the correctly and incorrectly moving horse.

Gimmicks of Force

Some riders do not understand how to help the horse relax and find its balance, so they resort to force of one form or another to manually get the horse’s head down.



What it is, How to Create it, How to Improve it.


Toe Flip Animation

As the horse’s balance improves the toe flipping ceases, even at the lower levels.


The Horse’s Analysis of Classical Dressage

Your horse can recognize good riding, can you? For the answer to this question, look to the horse!

Practical Horseman Magazine Article

"Amateur Status - What Would Have Helped Me" by Erin Bentley Klosterman


Definition of Classical Dressage

Classical dressage can be translated, "fine training" - capriole, piaffe, levade - yet it’s more than that.

The Training Scale

An overview of the Classical Training Progression

Lynne Sprinsky has graciously allowed me to include her articles,

Understanding the Role of Tempo in Achieving Relaxation for the Horse.

2000 - 2008 © Tonja Dausend  - Terms of Use

last updated August, 2008